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The Determinants of Trade and Trade Direction of Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)

Abuhriba, Hadi M. Othman (2012) The Determinants of Trade and Trade Direction of Arab Maghreb Union (AMU). PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

The Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) comprising Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia have established a framework to enhance regional cooperation on trade facilitation. Today, the AMU countries have increased their trade integration into the world economy. Despite the effort of trade openness in the AMU, the economic growth, intra-trade and inter-trade are still lagging behind other developing countries in the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. The objectives of this study are: 1) to examine the determinant of intra-regional trade in the AMU countries; 2) to examine the bilateral trade flows between AMU countries with selected European Union (EU) and Middle East (ME) countries; and 3) to investigate a long-run relationship between the trade and its determinants for a group of selected AMU, EU and ME countries. Using a data set of 1989-2009; the standard gravity model is used to measure the pattern and trend of bilateral trade. Overall, the results are consistent with those found in previous study where in all cases, parameters for the variables are found to be correctly signed and highly significant. A higher GDP increases trade while a longer distance inhibits trade. Larger population also results in higher trade. In terms of trade openness, the results show that the trade barriers are found to be positively and significantly correlated with openness. In short, the trade barriers are fairly effective for increasing trade. In analyzing the inter-trade of AMU with selected EU countries, namely Italy, Spain and France and selected ME, namely Egypt, Lebanon, and Syria, the results show that an increase in home GDP and partner’s countries GDP cause an increase in AMU’s trade. Population size, AMU’s real exchange rate, and trade openness are found to be positively related to trade

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intra-Trade, Bilateral Trade, GDP, Trade Openness, Gravity Model
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce.
Divisions: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Depositing User: Mr. Badrulsaman Hamid
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2013 08:17
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2016 04:01
URI: http://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/3461

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