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Kesan Intervensi Psiko-Positif Terhadap Tingkahlaku Agresif, Kemurungan dan Kecenderungan Berubah Penghuni Muda Penjara

Saralah Devi, Mariamdaran (2013) Kesan Intervensi Psiko-Positif Terhadap Tingkahlaku Agresif, Kemurungan dan Kecenderungan Berubah Penghuni Muda Penjara. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

This study is intends to investigate the effects of Psycho-Positive Intervention on aggressive behavior, depression and changing tendencies between the treatment and control groups of young prison inmates. The main issue of this study is the lack of an intervention for the treatment of aggression, depression and changing tendencies in young prison inmates. The Psycho-Positive Intervention module was developed based on Psychoanalysis and Positive Psychology approaches and introduced as a new treatment technique for correctional officers in overcoming the increases of recidivism. This study aims to identify the effects of Psycho-Positive Intervention on aggression, depression and changing tendencies in young prison inmates. A quasi-experimental 3x2 factorial containing treatment and control groups was used. Each treatment and control groups consisted of 36 subjects. The total subjects of the study consisted of 72 young prison inmates who were selected by purposive sampling from one prison that housed young prison inmates. In this study, Aggression Questionaire (AQ), Beck-Depression Questionaire (BDI) and University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) were used to measure aggression, depression and changing tendencies in young prison inmates. Treatment groups were given the Psycho-Positive Intervention for 16 days with 15 sessions, while the control groups were not given any intervention treatment. The results showed that the treatment groups who received the Psycho-Positive Intervension treatment have positive changes in the treatment of aggression, depression and changing tendencies. The results also indicated that the level of aggressiveness and depression in subjects decreased, while the changing tendencies in subjects was increased. Regression analysis showed that the physical, emotional, verbal and hostility aggressions of young prison inmates are directly contributing to the aggressive of young prison inmates. Dimensions of changing tendencies namely precontemporary, contemporary, action and maintenance of young prison inmates played a vital role in changing young inmate’s tendencies. As a conclusion, Psycho-Positive Intervention is an effective intervention in controlling aggression, depression and increasing changing tendencies in young prison inmates. The positive and effective evidences in this study support the use of Psycho-Positive Intervention as a primary treatment in treating aggression, depression and changing tendencies in young prison inmates by the Prison Department of Malaysia.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aggression, Depression, Changing Tendencies, Young Prison Inmates, Psycho-Positive Intervention
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Badrulsaman Hamid
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2014 02:06
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2016 02:13
URI: http://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/3861

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