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The effects of macroeconomics policies on housing affordability in Malaysia

Zarul Azhar, Nasir (2022) The effects of macroeconomics policies on housing affordability in Malaysia. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Housing affordability remains conundrum in Malaysia despite the initiatives taken by the government. Malaysia's median multiple house price has surpassed the three times median annual household income threshold for housing affordability over the past two decades. This implies that Malaysian housing is severely unaffordable, resulting in supply overhang issues which cause non-profitable investment to the developer from previously built housing units. This study aims to explore the role of government intervention through macroeconomic policy, including monetary and fiscal policies, on housing affordability in Malaysia. This study employed Public Interest Theory to emphasise the significance of government intervention in a market involving public interest, as a government is a benevolent regulator with adequate information and absolute enforcement powers. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) and Vector Autoregression (VAR) estimation techniques were employed on quarterly data involving 61 observations from the first quarter of 2006 until the first quarter of 2021. The results revealed that money supply, government expenditure and tax have significant short and long-run impacts on housing affordability except for interest rates. The long-run cointegration between fiscal policy variables (i.e., tax and government expenditure) and housing affordability in conjunction with its significant short-run relationship has highlighted the pivotal role of fiscal policy in influencing housing affordability. Monetary policy is only effective through changes in money supply (in both the long and short run) and interest rates (only in the short run) in the Malaysian housing market. Policymakers are recommended to emphasize more on regulating fiscal policy than monetary policy in order to promote housing affordability in Malaysia efficiently. In the future, studies related to perspective from supply-side could also be incorporated to obtain a more comprehensive estimated model.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Mohd Yusof, Rosylin and Mazlan, Ahmad Rizal
Item ID: 10422
Uncontrolled Keywords: housing affordability, macroeconomics policies, fiscal policy, monetary policy, public interest theory
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor.
Divisions: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2023 01:10
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2023 01:10
Department: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School Of Business
Name: Mohd Yusof, Rosylin and Mazlan, Ahmad Rizal
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/10422

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