UUM Electronic Theses and Dissertation
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Development of framework on Green Information and Communication Technology (GICT) awareness in Malaysia’s education sector

Muttamah, Sathivelu (2023) Development of framework on Green Information and Communication Technology (GICT) awareness in Malaysia’s education sector. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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ICT has been accepted as the major tool in developing knowledgeable societies and noted to be the technological mechanism that could provide ways to think and design education system and processes. The ubiquity of ICT leads to increased energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission with considerable negative impacts on the environment. This ubiquity also leads to an increase volume of e-waste. Since the education world is well noted to have a substantial amount of ICT users, its imminent to for all users to be aware of GICT and its importance. Awareness on Green ICT (GICT) describes the cultivation of knowledge about managing ICT infrastructures in order to minimise the effects on humans and the environment. Studies show that there is no official legislation that enforces GICT practices in Malaysia and most Malaysians are not aware of how to dispose their obsolete ICT devices. This research was designed to determine the level of GICT awareness among teachers in Malaysia, to identify the issues related to GICT practices among teachers in Malaysia and to construct a framework to improve awareness on GICT practices among teachers in Malaysia’s education sector. The approach used in this study is a quantitative method whereby a number of 1260 emails were sent to schools, both primary and secondary from each state to get respondents for the online questionnaire but only 1008 teachers responded due to the closure of schools because of the covid-19 pandemic. From the findings, it can be concluded that the awareness of GICT practices among the teachers who responded in this survey is moderate (54.95%). Findings using the Pearson Coefficient for independent variable, X, in this study (knowledge on ICT usage) and dependent variable, Y, (awareness of GICT practices) shows a relationship with high connection. Conclusively these outcomes have proven all the hypothesis constructed in this study to be true and the model fit using multiple standard linear regression and awareness has 69.27% of chance being influenced by knowledge. Framework was constructed while issues in implementing GICT practices were discussed and suggestions were given in hope that further action can be taken by the responsible parties in advocating and upholding the green practices in ICT.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Md. Zan, Zainal
Item ID: 10830
Uncontrolled Keywords: GICT, carbon emission, energy consumption, knowledge on ICT usage, awareness on GICT practices
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T58.5-58.64 Information technology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2023 03:01
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2023 03:01
Department: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Name: Md. Zan, Zainal
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/10830

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