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The Individual Demand for Private Health Insurance in Malaysia

Arpah, Abu Bakar (2012) The Individual Demand for Private Health Insurance in Malaysia. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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The main purpose of this study is to determine the factors that affect the individual decision to purchase health insurance and the level of coverage purchased. In addition, this study attempts to profile the policyholders and
compare this against the profile of non policyholders, and also estimates the price elasticity of health insurance demand. A model to predict the likelihood of purchasing health insurance is also proposed. The thesis was developed based mainly on the Utility Theory, Prospect Theory and Bounded Rationality Theory. The dataset was obtained from the National Health and Morbidity Survey III. The two major analytical tools employed were logistic regression and the Heckman two-stage estimator. Due to the multicollinearity problem, the dataset were split into salaried and non-
salaried individuals and were analyzed separately. The results revealed that the likelihood of health insurance purchase among the salaried individuals was higher if the individual’s income and education were higher, and if the individual was a female, was a non-Muslim, was a civil servant, as well as if the individual was more risk averse, while the effect of age was nonlinear. The results also showed that those who were older, earned higher income, female, non-Muslims, had high out-of-pocket costs for health care tended to seek a higher amount of coverage. Individuals were less likely to purchase health insurance when the price increased and the price elasticity was relatively low indicating that a high subsidy would be needed to induce purchase. Given individual characteristics, the models were found to be useful in predicting individual’s likelihood in purchasing health insurance for both the salaried and non salaried individuals. The findings offer useful inputs for insurance industry players and policy makers on various issues, including health care financing in Malaysia.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Supervisor : Regupathi, Angappan@Chockalingam and Syed Junid, Syed Aljunid
Item ID: 3280
Uncontrolled Keywords: Demand, Health Insurance, Utility Theory, Prospect Theory
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA410.55 Hospital Care.
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Date Deposited: 12 May 2013 05:14
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2016 07:58
Department: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Name: Regupathi, Angappan@Chockalingam and Syed Junid, Syed Aljunid
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/3280

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