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Kesan pelaksanaan pembelajaran berasaskan masalah terhadap kemahiran pemikiran kritikal, kemahiran komunikasi lisan dan pencapaian pelajar dalam mata pelajaran Pengajian Am

Kiplie, Amit (2014) Kesan pelaksanaan pembelajaran berasaskan masalah terhadap kemahiran pemikiran kritikal, kemahiran komunikasi lisan dan pencapaian pelajar dalam mata pelajaran Pengajian Am. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

The low achievement of pre-university students in General Studies associated with
students’ weaknesses in higher order thinking skills, especially in the form of essay
questions. Currently, there has not been previous studies related to Problem-Based
Learning (PBL) on critical thinking skills, oral communication skills and students’
achievements in this subject. Thus, this study carried out to identify the effects of the
implementation of PBL on the critical thinking skills, oral communication skills and
students’ achievement in General Studies. This research is conducted by comparing two
groups, i.e. the experimental and control group. An experimental study with pre-posttest
of random group design was conducted on 60 pre-university students majoring in the
humanities at a secondary school in Sarawak. The data are analyzed using the paired ttest
technique, independent samples t-test and the hierarchical multiple regression. The
results showed that there is a significant difference between groups which receiving PBL
treatment with the control group in critical thinking skill, oral communication skills and
students’ achievement. The experimental group showed higher mean values for all three
dependent variables compared to the control group. However, hierarchical multiple
regression analysis showed that PBL implementation has no direct relationship with
students’ achievement. Furthermore, critical thinking skills and oral communication skills
do not act as relationship mediator variables between the impact of PBL and students’
achievement in General Studies. This study contributes to students-centered learning
theory, namely problem-based learning on critical thinking skills, oral communication
skills and students’ achievement. It also supports PBL as teacher’s teaching strategy and
students’ learning towards development of critical thinking skills, oral communication
skills and the improvement of students’ achievement in General Studies subject.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Supervisor : Shaari, Abdull Sukor and Ghazali, Mohd Izam
Item ID: 4489
Uncontrolled Keywords: Problem-based learning, Critical thinking skills, Oral communication skill, Student’s achievement.
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Divisions: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2015 01:15
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2016 00:38
Department: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Name: Shaari, Abdull Sukor and Ghazali, Mohd Izam
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/4489

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