UUM Electronic Theses and Dissertation
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Determinants of student's loyalty in the Malaysian private higher education industry

Lee, Lai Meng (2017) Determinants of student's loyalty in the Malaysian private higher education industry. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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The competitive private higher education industry in Malaysia indicates that the
profitability and the viability of private higher education institutions (Private HEIs) are
compromised by uncertain levels of students’ loyalty. The objectives of this study were
fourfold: (a) to determine the level of students’ loyalty in Private HEIs in Malaysia, (b) to determine the relationships between service quality (academic quality, program
quality and administrative quality), reputation (university management and academic and media reputation), relationship benefits and students’ loyalty, (c) to determine the significant effects of the independent variables on students’ loyalty and lastly, (d) to determine the mediating effects of satisfaction on these relationships. This quantitative cross sectional study used the proportionate stratified sampling design. 400 students from various Private HEIs participated in this study. The data was collected via a personally administered questionnaire and was analysed using various statistical techniques such as correlation, multiple regression and mediation analyses. This study found that the loyalty levels of students in Malaysian Private HEIs are moderate. All the
independent variables have positive relationships with students’ loyalty. Empirical
evidence concludes that administrative quality, university management and relationship benefits have significant effects on students’ loyalty, whilst academic quality, program quality and academic and media reputation did not. Satisfaction was found to mediate the relationship between all the independent variables and students’ loyalty. The main
significance of this study is the empirical confirmation of the positive direct effect of
relationship benefits on students’ loyalty and the mediating effect of satisfaction on this
relationship in the Malaysian private higher education context. The findings in this study
can be used by managers of Private HEIs in Malaysia for managing their students’ loyalty.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Mohd. Yunus, Jasmani
Item ID: 7524
Uncontrolled Keywords: service quality, reputation, relationship benefits, satisfaction, student loyalty.
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 23:38
Last Modified: 10 May 2021 00:53
Department: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Name: Mohd. Yunus, Jasmani
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/7524

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