UUM Electronic Theses and Dissertation
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Exploring the flaming scenario on youtube within the Malaysian context

Revathy, Amadera Limgam (2019) Exploring the flaming scenario on youtube within the Malaysian context. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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One of the major acts of cyber-bullying in today’s Internet era is flaming. Flaming refers to the use of offensive language such as swearing and insulting as well as posting hateful comments through an online medium. In this study, the act of flaming was explored in the context of social media, particularly YouTube. The research aims to understand 'individuals' in posting hateful comments on YouTube and to classify ‘flaming’ comments posted on YouTube videos in Malaysia. The Uses and Gratifications theory (UGT) was used to explain the commenters' satisfaction obtained through the flaming activity and the motivation to flame on the site. The methodology in this study were in-depth interviews and content analysis. Ten flamers were interviewed to understand their motivation to flame on YouTube. As for content analysis, one video was chosen for each top five out of fifteen categories available on YouTube. The categories were entertainment, film and animation, news and politics, comedy and people and blogs, with at least 100,000 views and a minimum of 100 comments and analyzed thematically. It can be concluded that the motivation to flame in Malaysia includes anonymity, norm, aspect of entertainment, being defensive and so on. As for the comments' classifications for content analysis, the results show that the most prominent types of comments found on Malaysian videos are political attack and racial attack. Other subcategories include name calling, insult, criticism, sexual attack, sarcasm, inter-country attack, speculation, defamation, comparison, sexism, religious attack, threaten, homophobic, stereotype, inter-state attack, sedition, defensive and comments that are off-topic. This study contributes to the usage of UGT in a new perspective which is gratification sought through negativity (flaming). This study also contributes practically in the enrichment of the data on flaming for the concerning parties such as Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission and Cyber Security Malaysia.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Aripin, Norizah
Item ID: 8136
Uncontrolled Keywords: Uses and gratifications, social networking, cyber-bullying, flaming, YouTube
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2021 09:01
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2022 03:12
Department: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Name: Aripin, Norizah
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/8136

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