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The impact of governance on export performance in Asian countries: empirical evidence

Jama, Abdikarim Bashir (2019) The impact of governance on export performance in Asian countries: empirical evidence. Masters thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Export plays a magnificent role in economic development and integration of countries by trading each other whereby it facilitates the free movement of goods and services from one country into another. While governance indicators can be considered the main tool that supports such activity. This study investigates the impact of governance on the export performance of South East Asia countries. The performance of export is measured by the proxy of export value as the dependent variable. This study uses three (3) independent variables derived from six World Governance Indicators (WGI) namely: regulatory quality (RQ), political stability (PS), voice and accountability (VA). While control variables refer to macroeconomic factors that relate trade includes the real
effective exchange rate (REER) and the labor force participation rate (L). The data is limited to the export of Southeast Asia countries within the period of 2008 until 2017. This study analyses using fixed-effect models (FEM). The results show that voice and accountability has a positive and significant effect on export performance. However, regulatory quality has a negative and statistically significant impact on export performance. Also, political stability has a positive but
no significant influence on export performance. This study also found both real effective exchange rate and labor force participation rate have a negative and statistically significant impact on export
performance. The findings suggest that governance indicators play a significant role in economic
development particularly the trade openness, therefore, it's substantial for South East Asia
countries to engage more economic integration policy to enhance export performance. Also, this
study has strongly contributed to the existing literature of cross country export analyses
particularly in the context of Southeast Asia countries.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Supervisor : Azhari, Adilah
Item ID: 8504
Uncontrolled Keywords: Export performance, Regulatory quality, Political stability, Voice and accountability, Real effective exchange rate and Labor force participation rate.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor. > HD28-70 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2021 04:34
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 06:35
Department: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Name: Azhari, Adilah
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/8504

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