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Keterukan bencana banjir tahun 2014 dan keberkesanan pengurusannya di jajahan Kuala Krai, Kelantan

Nurul Ain Najwa, Mohamad Suhami (2017) Keterukan bencana banjir tahun 2014 dan keberkesanan pengurusannya di jajahan Kuala Krai, Kelantan. Masters thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

The 2014 flood disaster in Kuala Krai has led to the significant destruction of property and the loss of life. This study argues that human interference in the ecosystems often invite risk and hazard in the flood drainage basin thus resulting to more frequent
incidents with increasing intensity each year. Thus, the main objective of the study was to examine the effects of human and natural events that contribute to the severity of the floods in 2014 in Kuala Krai through land use change data and rainfall. In addition, a total of 300 people from three districts in Kuala Krai was used in this study evaluating the effectiveness of flood management systems.The results of the land use aspect showed many active land use activities at the survey spot mostly for sand mining, and opening of land for agriculture which covered an area of 6,930 hectars. While 34,850 hectars were for replanting, and 2,260 hectars for secondary jungle according to the 2014 data. This situation worsened when there was an unusual heavy rainfall in the Kuala Krai District in December 2014. To overcome the significant
damage and the loss of lives due to flood, the government must implement the flood management system more effectively in the three phases of before, during and after the flood. According to the survey in the Kuala Krai District, the Dabong area had the the low min value (average) for the three phases: 3.04 (before), 2.99 (during) and 2.02 (after). Whereas for the Olak Jeram area the min value was 3.39 (before), 3.21 (during) and 2.30 (after). The one way ANOVA servey found that the people of Kuala Krai had different opinions about the management system of the before, during and the after phases. Whereas the satisfaction level was low at all the phases therefore giving the picture that the flood management system was unsatisfactory. This study suggests that the involvement of all parties in the flood management working draft
must be integrated with the Directive 20 of the National Security Council so that future flood disaster management system would be more effective.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Supervisor : Syed Hussain, Tuan Pah Rokiah
Item ID: 9106
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drainage basin ecosystem, Human interference, Kuala Krai District
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor. > HD61 Risk Management
J Political Science > JS Local government Municipal government
Divisions: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 00:23
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2022 00:23
Department: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Name: Syed Hussain, Tuan Pah Rokiah
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/9106

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