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Managing operational risk among SMEs: the Malaysian perspective

Hamidatun Khusna, Mustafa (2021) Managing operational risk among SMEs: the Malaysian perspective. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

Despite being one of the integral components in fostering Malaysia’s economic growth, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have failed to attain their full potential due to various challenges. Based on the SMEs Masterplan 2012-2020, the
Malaysian government has outlined six key challenges that could impede company performance excellence: innovation and technology adoption, infrastructure, access to financing, legal and regulatory environment, market access and human capital
development. These challenges might lead to operational risks, which would likely lower the SMEs performance. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between operational risk, risk mitigation strategy, and company performance. Specifically, this study focuses on Malaysia’s SMEs manufacturing industry by suggesting agility as part of a mitigation strategy towards enhancing their performance. Although the government has spent billions of Malaysian Ringgit, the impact on SMEs’ performance is still unimpressive, a situation prompting this study to be conducted. A total of 152 companies from the SMEs manufacturing industry in Peninsular Malaysia participated in this study. The data was collected through the survey method. The relationships between the variables were tested using Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) software. Statistical results reveal that a company performance can be significantly affected by innovation and technology adoption risk, along with legal and regulatory environment risk. Furthermore, agility is found to have a moderating effect on the relationship between innovation and technology adoption risk, infrastructure risk, and legal and regulatory environment risk. Overall, the research findings indicate that this analytical model provides a good understanding of the factors influencing the company performance and risk management in Malaysia’s SMEs manufacturing industry.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Yaakub, Sabariah
Item ID: 9685
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agility, Company Performance, Manufacturing SMEs, Risk Mitigation Strategy, Operational Risk
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor. > HD61 Risk Management
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor. > HD60 Small Business.
Divisions: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2022 06:48
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2022 06:48
Department: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Name: Yaakub, Sabariah
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/9685

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