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Poverty amongst coastal fishermen in Surabaya City, Indonesia

,, Dewi Casmiwati (2021) Poverty amongst coastal fishermen in Surabaya City, Indonesia. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

The well-being of the fishing community has become one of the important agendas in the development of each country due to the poverty faced by this group. Therefore, this study aims to explore poverty among coastal fishermen in Surabaya as a whole. This study also identifies the contributing factors to poverty amongst
coastal fishermen in Surabaya. Coping strategies and livelihood outcomes through the Social Safety Net amongst this group were also identified in the study. Poverty theory was used to answer the objectives of this study highlighted by Bradshaw (2006). While the approach by Moser (1998) and Haidar (2009) is also used in the
implementation of coping strategies and livelihood outcomes of this group. Moreover, this research used a qualitative method with primary data collected from interviews and observations, and secondary data obtained from documentation and documentary reviews. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis based on
theoretical paradigms and previous models. The results showed that the main factors that contributed to coastal fishermen's poverty in Surabaya City are politics, economics, and social conditions followed by natural factors, individual deficiency, the dependency between juragan and fishermen, and cultural factor. Meanwhile, the
novelty of this thesis is that the dependency relationship between middle-man (juragan) and fishermen is mutually beneficial although middle-man (juragan) still gets benefits from the fishermen. Nevertheless, this research found that to face the difficulties of life, coastal fishermen in Surabaya City owe money to their neighbors, relatives and middle-man (juragan) as a coping strategy. Moreover, this research found that SSN has increased coastal fishermen's livelihood in Surabaya that includes increasing food supply (SSN-food aid), increasing income, education (SSN-education), and health (SSN-health). But the major problem of the SSN was
only a few fishermen benefited from it. Therefore, this research provided recommendations to improve the human capital of fishermen by providing education and training, protect fishermen fishing area from the policy, strict environmental law enforcement, create partnerships between the government and middle-man (juragan) in terms of marketing fishes and increasing the number of SSN beneficiaries.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Ibrahim, Ahmad Zubir and Mohd. Zain, Zawiyah
Item ID: 9760
Uncontrolled Keywords: Poverty, Coastal fishermen, coping strategy, livelihood asset, livelihood outcome, Surabaya City
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2022 02:24
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 02:24
Department: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Name: Ibrahim, Ahmad Zubir and Mohd. Zain, Zawiyah
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/9760

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