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The relationships between job crafting, idiosyncratic deals, internal locus of control, psychological empowerment, and work engagement among Pakistani academicians: a moderated mediation model

Shams, Muhammad Shahid (2022) The relationships between job crafting, idiosyncratic deals, internal locus of control, psychological empowerment, and work engagement among Pakistani academicians: a moderated mediation model. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of psychological empowerment on the relationship between job crafting, idiosyncratic deals and work engagement among academicians of Pakistani public universities. This study also examined the moderating effects of internal locus of control on job crafting–psychological empowerment and idiosyncratic deals–psychological empowerment relationships. The motivational process of job demands-resources (JD-R) theory was used to underpinned the study framework. A cross-sectional survey using the simple random sampling technique was carried out to elicit responses from the participants. Using an online survey, 324 useable responses were obtained which is 53.33% response rate. The data analysis was
conducted using the Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The results indicated that both job crafting and idiosyncratic deals have a significant positive relationship with work engagement. Likewise, psychological empowerment partially mediated the relationship between job crafting, idiosyncratic deals, and work engagement. Interestingly, internal locus of control did not moderate the idiosyncratic deals–psychological empowerment relationship but did moderate the job crafting–psychological empowerment relationship. Counterintuitively, the relationship between job crafting and psychological empowerment became stronger when internal locus of control was high. Further, internal locus of control enhanced the indirect effect of job crafting on work engagement through psychological empowerment. However, the
indirect effect of internal locus of control on the relationship between idiosyncratic deals and work engagement through psychological empowerment did not meet the standard for significance. Further, job crafting had a stronger effect on psychological empowerment and work engagement for academicians with an internal locus of control. The results show that the top management of the public universities need to consider
the impact of psychological empowerment and internal locus of control to usurp these to enhance academicians’ work engagement.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Tang, Swee Mei and Adnan, Zurina
Item ID: 9869
Uncontrolled Keywords: job crafting, idiosyncratic deals, psychological empowerment, internal locus of control, work engagement
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce. > HF5549-5549.5 Personnel Management. Employment
Divisions: School of Business Management
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2022 04:53
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2022 04:53
Department: School of Business Management
Name: Tang, Swee Mei and Adnan, Zurina
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/9869

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