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Contingency factors, balanced scorecard and firm performance : evidence from Iraqi manufacturing industries

Al-Naser, Khalis Hasan Yousif (2017) Contingency factors, balanced scorecard and firm performance : evidence from Iraqi manufacturing industries. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

This study focused on contingency factors, the balanced scorecard (BSC) and firm performance. Specifically, the study examined the mediating role of BSC on the relationship between contingency factors and firm performance. The research framework was developed based on contingency theory. The population of the study comprised 1,213 companies from manufacturing sector of Iraq. The analysis of data utilised 301 responses that represented 49.38% of the total responses. Data were collected via self-administered questionnaires distributed to top management and were analysed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM). The findings indicated that intensity of competition, political turbulence, corporate culture and total quality management (TQM) had a significant and positive influence on BSC usage. The results also showed that political turbulence had a negative and significant influence on firm performance, whereas intensity of competition, corporate culture and TQM had a positive and significant influence on firm performance. Furthermore, a significant and positive association existed between BSC usage and firm performance. The result of this study indicated that the higher the level of political turbulence the higher the BSC usage; and this is a confirmation of applicability and value of contingency theory. Finally, the results indicated that BSC usage mediated the relationship between exogenous variables (intensity of competition, political turbulence, corporate culture and TQM) and firm performance. The result implies that contingency factors are important antecedents that influence BSC usage, and BSC is a vital strategic management accounting tool to assist in planning and decision making in Iraqi’s manufacturing industry. These indicate theoretical and managerial implications of the research. Therefore, managers and government could adopt the technique to improve firm performance. This study has made a solid contribution to the knowledge in theory and practice. Limitations and suggestions for future research were offered.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Supervisor : Mohamed, Rapiah
Item ID: 7759
Uncontrolled Keywords: BSC, TQM, corporate culture, perceived environmental uncertainty, Iraq
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor. > HD58.9 Organizational Effectiveness.
Divisions: Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy (TISSA)
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2020 01:18
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2020 01:18
Department: Tunku Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy (TISSA)
Name: Mohamed, Rapiah
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/7759

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