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Hybrid approach on multi- spatiotemporal data framework towards analysis of long-lead upstream flood: a case of Niger State, Nigeria

Ndanusa, Ahmed Babalaji (2019) Hybrid approach on multi- spatiotemporal data framework towards analysis of long-lead upstream flood: a case of Niger State, Nigeria. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

Floods have become a global concern because of the vast economic and ecological havoc that ensue. Thus, a flood risk mitigation strategy is used to reduce flood-related consequences by a long-lead identification of its occurrence. A wide range of causative factors, including the adoption of hybrid multi-spatiotemporal data framework is considered in implementing the strategy. Besides the structural or homogenous non-structural factors, the adoption of various Information Systems-based tools are also required to accurately analyse the multiple natural causative factors. Essentially, this was needed to address the inaccurate flood vulnerability classifications and short time of flood prediction. Thus, this study proposes a framework named: Hybrid Multi-spatiotemporal data Framework for Long-lead Upstream Flood Analysis (HyM-SLUFA) to provide a new dimension on flood vulnerability studies by uncovering the influence of multiple factors derived from topography, hydrology, vegetal and precipitation
features towards regional flood vulnerability classification and long-lead analysis. In developing the proposed framework, the spatial images were geometrically and radiometrically corrected with the aid of Quantum Geographic Information System (QGIS). The temporal data were cleaned by means of winsorization methods using STATA statistical tool. The hybrid segment of the framework classifies flood vulnerability and performs long-lead analysis. The classification and analysis were conducted using the corrected spatial images to acquire better understanding on the interaction between the extracted features and rainfall in inducing flood as well as producing various regional flood vulnerabilities within the study area. Additionally, with the aid of regression technique, precipitation and water level data were used to perform long-lead flood analysis to provide a foresight of any potential flooding event in order to take proactive measures. As to confirm the reliability and validity of the proposed framework, an accuracy assessment was conducted on the outputs of the data. This study found the influence of various Flood Causative Factors (FCFs) used in the developed HyM-SLUFA framework, by revealing the spatial disparity indicating
that the slope of a region shows a more accurate level of flood vulnerability compared to other FCFs, which generally causes severe upstream floods when there is low volume of precipitation within regions of low slope degree. Theoretically, the HyM-SLUFA will serve as a guide that can be adopted or adapted for similar studies. Especially, by considering the trend of precipitation and the pattern of flood vulnerability classifications depicted by various FCFs. These classifications will determine the kind(s) of policies that will be implemented in town planning, and the Flood Inducible Precipitation Volumes can provide a foresight of any potential flooding event in order to take practical proactive measures by the local authority.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Md Dahalin, Zulkhairi and Ta’a, Azman
Item ID: 8120
Uncontrolled Keywords: Big data analytics, Environmental analysis, Flood vulnerability, GIS, Information systems.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
Divisions: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2021 08:24
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2021 08:24
Department: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Name: Md Dahalin, Zulkhairi and Ta’a, Azman
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/8120

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