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State and non-state actors participation in management of Sudanese refugees in Chad

Nour, Hissein Araby (2018) State and non-state actors participation in management of Sudanese refugees in Chad. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

This study explores the problems of the refugees, the level of participation of actors in management of refugees and effects of low participation to the refugees in eastern Chad. It examines the problems of the myriads of problems such as the shortage of experts, funding, inadequate security, and lack of basic needs such as food, education, healthcare, and shelter deficiencies Sudanese refugees are facing in Chad. As noted there are numerous problems in refugees’ camps in Chad, particularly in Sudan's
refugee camps. This phenomenon is not only adversely affect the refugees themselves but also have an impact on host countries. Thus the involvement of the government and non-governmental organization is very important in safeguarding the welfare and
harmony of these refugees. The in-depth interview with 20 informants’ residents in Chad, Sudanese refugees in eastern Chad was used and interviews were conducted with 10 refugees’ stakeholders in Chad which cover 5 humanitarian non-governmental organizations staffs, 5 government officials and 10 refugees. The study explore the role of state and non-state actors in management of Sudanese refugees’ crisis through qualitative design. The interview data was analyzed thematically through NVivo 10. In determining the forces which shape the course of actors ‘and management of refugees’ crisis in Chad, two most important elements identified are state and non-state actors. Moreover, this study identified important factors that caused low participation of stakeholders in the management of the Sudanese refugees’ disaster in the country, internal factors which include, inadequate support from government (inadequate security and poor funding assistance) and internal issues (economic crisis, election and Boko Haram insurgency), external factors which comprise, frequent humanitarian crisis (inadequate funding and inadequate personnel).The study significantly contributed to the overall perspectives of how actors should be directly and indirectly
influencing management of crisis in Chad. In addition, the possible solutions have been proposed. The study concludes that basic factors (economic, security and human resources) have influence in the management of Sudanese refugees’ crisis in Chad. For
effective management of refugees’ crisis, this study will guide policymaker to improve refugees’ crisis management in the country.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Supervisor : Abdul Rahman, Mohd Fitri
Item ID: 8781
Uncontrolled Keywords: Management of refugees, Humanitarian crisis, Refugees, Chad.
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2021 06:50
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 01:10
Department: Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government
Name: Abdul Rahman, Mohd Fitri
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/8781

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