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An enhanced method based on intermediate significant bit technique for watermark images

Mohammed, Ghassan Nashat (2015) An enhanced method based on intermediate significant bit technique for watermark images. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

Intermediate Significant Bit digital watermarking technique (ISB) is a new approved technique of embedding a watermark by replacing the original image pixels with new pixels. This is done by ensuring a close connection between the new pixels and the original, and at the same time, the watermark data can be protected against possible damage. One of the most popular methods used in watermarking is the Least Significant Bit (LSB). It uses a spatial domain that includes the insertion of the watermark in the LSB of the image. The problem with this method is it is not resilient to common damage, and there is the possibility of image distortion after embedding a watermark. LSB may be used through replacing one bit, two bits, or three bits; this is done by changing the specific bits without any change in the other bits in the pixel. The objective of this thesis is to formulate new algorithms for digital image watermarking with enhanced image quality and robustness by embedding two bits of watermark data into each pixel of the original image based on ISB technique. However, to understand the opposite relationship between the image quality and robustness, a tradeoff between them has been done to create a balance and to acquire the best position for the two embedding bits. Dual Intermediate Significant Bits (DISB) technique has been proposed to solve the existing LSB problem. Trial results obtained from this technique are better compared with the LSB based on the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) and Normalized Cross Correlation (NCC). The work in this study also contributes new mathematical equations that can study the change on the other six bits in the pixel after embedding two bits.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Watermarking, Intermediate Significant Bit, Quality, Robustness, Least Significant Bit.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Badrulsaman Hamid
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2016 09:06
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2016 04:53
URI: http://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/5386

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