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On gamma-Ps-operations in topological spaces

Asaad, Baravan Abdulmuhsen (2015) On gamma-Ps-operations in topological spaces. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.


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Topology is one of the focus areas in mathematics. Recently, topology has become an important component in applied mathematics due to its vast applications in understanding real life problems. The basic concept of topological space (X, Ƭ) deals with open sets. Operations on Ƭ have been investigated by numerous researchers. Among these operations are γ-open, γ-preopen, γ-semiopen, γ-b-open, γ-β-open and α-γ-open which involve Ƭγ-Ps-interior and Ƭγ-Ps-closure. However, no one has attempted to define new class of set using operation γ on the topology Ƭ by combining the existing operations. This study, therefore, aims to define new classes of sets, construct new classes of functions, and introduce new types of separation axioms and spaces using the concept of γ-open sets. The new classes developed are γ-regular-open and γ-Ps-open sets. By applying γ-Ps-open sets and their complements, the notions of Ƭγ-Ps-closure, Ƭγ-Ps-interior, Ƭγ-Ps-derived set and Ƭγ-Ps-boundary of a set are established. The notions of γ-Ps-open and Ƭγ-Ps-closure sets are then used to define a new class of γ-Ps-open sets called γ-Ps-generalised closed sets. Moreover, several new classes of functions called γ-Ps-continuous, (γ,β)-Ps-continuous and (γ,β)-Ps-irresolute functions in term of γ-Ps-open sets are introduced. Furthermore, other types of γ-Ps-functions such as β-Ps-open and (γ,β)-Ps-open are constructed. In addition, some new classes of γ-Ps-separation axioms are established by using γ-Ps-open and its complement as well as γ-Ps-generalised closed sets. The relationships and properties of each class of sets, γ-Ps-functions and γ-Ps-separation axioms are also established. In conclusion, this study has succeeded in defining new classes of sets using operation γ on the topology Ƭ .

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Uncontrolled Keywords: γ-regular-open set, γ-Ps- sets, γ-Ps- functions, γ-Ps- separation axioms, γ- spaces.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Badrulsaman Hamid
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2016 17:24
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2016 17:24
URI: http://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/5800

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