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Pengaruh Kompetensi Keusahawanan, Struktur Organisasi dan Persekitaran Luar Terhadap Prestasi Perusahaan Kecil dan Sederhana

Azizi, Hj Halipah (2009) Pengaruh Kompetensi Keusahawanan, Struktur Organisasi dan Persekitaran Luar Terhadap Prestasi Perusahaan Kecil dan Sederhana. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to clarify the importance of relationship between entrepreneurship characteristics, organizational structure and external environmental condition towards the performance of SME's in Malaysia. There were eight objective design in this study.
The first objective was to determine whether there is a significant relationship between skill competencies and SME's performance. The second objective was to determine whether there is a significant relationship between trait competencies and SME performance. The third objective was to determine the existence of a significant relationship between organizational structure and the performance of SME. The fourth objective was to determine the existence of a significant relationship between external environmental and the performance of SME. The fifth objective was to determine of the moderating effect of external environmental on the relationship between trait competencies and SME performance. The sixth objective was to determine the existence of the moderating effect of external environmental on the relationship between skill competencies and SME performance. The seventh objective was to determine the existence of the moderating effect of organizational structure on the relationship between skill competencies and SME performance. The final objective was to determine the existence of moderating effect of organizational structure on the relationship between trait competencies and SME performance. According to the literature review in the scope of competence, two variables that represent the ten dimension of entrepreneurial competencies were found. Entrepreneural competency such as opportunity relationship, analytical, innovation, learning, commitment and personnel strength representing the trait competencies while strategy, operation and human represented the skill competencies. This research tried to cover the gaps of cover the gaps of the earlier work that suggested any future research must also include the other sector other than service sector and it must also includes several cultural context. The research model included the study of individual, organizational and external environmental. The SMEs sectors involved in this research were as follow; manufacturing, agriculture and service industry. And there are alltogether eight hypothesis being developed and tested to seek answer for the said objectives. The survey and questionnaire methods were used for collecting data. The questionaires were sent by post and must be answered by the owner or manager of SMEs. The study done covers the state of Kedah and Perlis only. There were 191 pieces of completed and valid questionaires analysed. Statistical analysis were done to all the samples characteristics, dependent variables, moderating variables and independent variables. The relationship between these variables was in one-dimensional form. The result from the analysis has shown that there are a positive relationship between trait compentencies, organizational structure and external environmental with the SMEs performance. The same goes to the moderating variables of organizational structure that has moderating the relationship between skill competencies and trait competencies with SMEs performance in a positively significant from, however, the effect of external environmental as moderating variables is of minimal towards the relationship between skill competencies and trait competencies on performance. This study has been able to add up knowledge in the field of entrepreneurship and being able to become a source of reference in any training and development program in that field. The future research should undertake variables within and from various dimension of studies.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Supervisor : Mahmood, Rosli and Hamed, Abu Bakar
Item ID: 2303
Uncontrolled Keywords: Entrepreneurship Characteristics, Oganizational Structure, External Environmental Condition, Small and Medium Enterprise (SME)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB615-715 Entrepreneurship. Risk and uncertainty. Property
Divisions: College of Business (COB)
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2011 09:54
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2013 12:15
Department: College of Business
Name: Mahmood, Rosli and Hamed, Abu Bakar
URI: https://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/2303

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