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Ball surface representations using partial differential equations

Kherd, Ahmad Saleh Abdullah (2015) Ball surface representations using partial differential equations. PhD. thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

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Abstract

Over two decades ago, geometric modelling using partial differential equations (PDEs) approach was widely studied in Computer Aided Geometric Design (CAGD). This approach was initially introduced by some researchers to deal with Bèzier surface related to the minimal surface area determined by prescribed boundary curves. However, Bèzier surface representation can be improved in terms of computation time and minimal surface area by employing Ball surface representation. Thus, this research develops an algorithm to generalise Ball surfaces from boundary curves using elliptic PDEs. Two specific Ball surfaces, namely harmonic and biharmonic, are first constructed in developing the proposed algorithm. The former and later surfaces require two and four boundary conditions respectively. In order to generalise Ball surfaces in the polynomial solution of any fourth order PDEs, the Dirichlet method is then employed. The numerical results obtained on well-known example of data points show that the proposed generalised Ball surfaces algorithm performs better than BCzier surface representation in terms of computation time and minimal surface area. Moreover, the new constructed algorithm also holds for any surfaces in CAGD including the Bèzier surface. This algorithm is then tested in positivity preserving of surface and image enlargement problems. The results show that the proposed algorithm is comparable with the existing methods in terms of accuracy. Hence, this new algorithm is a viable alternative for constructing generalized Ball surfaces. The findings of this study contribute towards the body of knowledge for surface reconstruction based on PDEs approach in the area of geometric modelling and computer graphics.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD.)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ball surface, Partial differential equation, Dirichlet method, Positivity preserving, Image enlargement
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Awang Had Salleh Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Badrulsaman Hamid
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2016 00:29
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2016 04:02
URI: http://etd.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/5391

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